This course is a basic introduction to Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic using Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek resources in e-Sword and TheWord. Emphasis is on the original languages with more attention to Greek, the alphabets of both languages, the nuances of grammar in relation to understanding the text, and the use of major tools for original language study. Upon completion, students should be able to employ the original language tools found in software programs profitably and responsibly in using the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament to prepare articles, sermons and Bible studies, and demonstrate the proper use of an interlinear text in understanding the meaning of biblical text.
Introduction to Biblical Languages and Resources is designed to give students in introductory exposure to Greek and Hebrew – the inspired languages for the new and old testaments of the Bible. Students will be introduced to the Greek and Hebrew alphabets, and some of the major grammatical issues of each language and exposed to grammatical issues as they relate to more deeply understanding the biblical text. This class will also explore different electronic and online biblical language exploration and interpretation tools. The purpose of this class is not to develop strong Greek and Hebrew language skills. It is rather designed to help students develop a comfort-level, and basic understanding of the languages and the skill to explore the nuances of the languages further using electronic tools.
Emanuel Maidanos received his B.A. from Ambassador College in Pasadena, CA., and his M.A. from Pepperdine University in Los Angeles, CA.He was born in New York City, and grew up in Delaware. He has had a lifelong interest in history, geography, the Bible and languages. While attending Ambassador College, he spent the summer in Greece to become more familiar with the language and the culture. He also travelled to Turkey to visit the Seven Churches of Asia as well as visiting the dig in Jerusalem. At Pepperdine University his main areas of studies were Judaism of the First Century, Hellenistic Greek and the Exegesis of various books of the New Testament. He has made several trips to Greece, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Egypt and western Europe. After graduating from Pepperdine University he has worked in several industries. He worked in both the Printing and in the Machining Industries, and then became a Computer Consultant working with Databases on several large projects for the Federal Government.
As a result of participating in THL 300, students will:
- Comfortably identify the letters of both the Greek and the Hebrew alphabet.
- Comfortably recognize some words, cities, and locations in Greek that are already known in English.
- Identify a selection of common Greek words and sentence structures.
- Demonstrate a basic understanding of Greek verbs and the type of action intended as dictated by context
- Practice using Greek and Hebrew Lexicons.
- Understanding the different types of concordances and their strengths and weaknesses.
- Execute words studies in order to understand use and meaning in context.
- Develop a basic understanding of several Bible software tools including e-Sword and The Word,
- Gain exposure to Aramaic, the third major language used in the Bible.
The Elements of New Testament Greek (cost about $35.00)
by Jeremy Duff
Cambridge University Press, 2012
Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek (cost about $8.00)
by Bruce M. Metzger
Biblical Hebrew, A Compact Guide (cost about $16.00)
by Miles V. Van Pelt
Additional material will be supplied during the course, some from church literature and some from secular sources.
|Lesson 1||General Introduction to the Course|
|Lesson 2||Introduction to the Greek Alphabet - It is Not as Foreign as You Think|
|Lesson 3||Learning More About the Greek Alphabet, Punctuation, Proper Names, Nouns and Adjectives|
|Lesson 4||Inflections of Words and Sentence Structure|
|Lesson 5||Greek Verbs - How to Understand the Type of Intended Action|
|Lesson 6||Concordances, Analytical Lexicons, and Lexicons - Learning How to Use Them|
|Lesson 7||Moods and the Imperative Tense|
|Lesson 8||Word Studies, Figures of Speech and Context|
|Lesson 9||Additional Parts of Speech - Participle and the Infinitive and Final Overview of Greek|
|Lesson 10||Additional Aids to Understand the OT - Josephus, LXX, and the Dead Sea Scrolls|
|Lesson 11||Hebrew - Grasping an Ancient Major Alphabet|
|Lesson 12||Hebrew Alphabet Continued|
|Lesson 13||Hebrew Nouns and Verbs - Sentence Structure|
|Lesson 14||Overview of Aramaic in the Old Testament|
|Lesson 15||Wrap Up and Review of Critical Points for Final Test|
Due dates and extensions
Submit assignments on or before the date due. Students must complete the course by the last official day of instruction as set forth in the academic calendar.
To officially begin this course you must complete an Icebreaker assignment by which you introduce yourself to your classmates through posting a short autobiography on the Icebreaker discussion forum. This assignment is due by end of the first week of class. In your forum post, briefly provide the following information:
- Your first and last name, where you grew up, and where you are currently living.
- Tell us a little about your background. Did you grow up in the church? When did you begin attending God’s Church? How long have you been reading church literature?
- Tell us about your education, technical schools or colleges attended, degrees, etc.
- List some of your favorite subjects, interests, hobbies and activities.
- Please indicate if you are familiar with or have been exposed to any foreign languages. If so, which one(s)?
- Tell why you are taking this course and what do you hope to learn from it.
Be sure to comment back to at least two of your classmates. The assignment is worth 20 points.
Be sure to read the lesson material corresponding to the class lecture and complete the appropriate quiz prior to the next lesson. Readings will help you be better informed, and help you comprehend and appreciate the material in subsequent lessons.
This course includes a series of lectures. Lectures will also use PowerPoint slides. Videos will periodically be available for download with some lectures.
For each discussion forum you will be asked to post your thoughts and insights on the discussion topic. The instructor will post some questions. You are also encouraged to ask technical questions about the subject matter from areas in the lecture that you have questions on, or are confused about. Remember there are no “dumb” questions. You are also invited to comment on the postings of others. This is your opportunity to participate in interactive dialog and help one another learn. Discussions also assist the instructor in determining course content that needs more attention.
Writing assignments should follow the MLA style as set forth in Writing Research Papers: A Complete Guide (14th edition) by Lester & Lester. Please cite your sources and use quotation marks where needed.
- Practice Writing Exercises: Practice writing is an exercise to help the students become comfortable with both the Greek and the Hebrew alphabets. Instruction on how to make each letter will be provided. Students are encouraged to practice to become comfortable with each alphabet. These exercises may be repeated if desired. Perfection is not the goal, but practice will help increase your familiarity the alphabet and the language.
- Writing Assignments: Students will be asked to research several Greek words and their use in the biblical text. This activity will assist students as they learn how to use print and electronic research tools.
Quizzes and examinations
Many lessons will include a quiz or exercise of some kind. Quizzes are “open book” and there is no time limit. The purpose of the quiz is to increase understanding of the lesson material and to guide students into mastery of lesson content. If there is any confusion about the lesson, contact the instructor via email. Quizzes and examinations may include true/false, matching, and multiple–choice questions covering lectures, readings, vocabulary words, geographical terms, place names and discussion topics. One may retake a quiz. There is a maximum of three re-takes for the Greek portion and three re-takes maximum for the Hebrew/Aramaic portion. It may be the same quiz or 3 different quizzes, for a total of 3 maximum. The retries for the Greek portion must be taken one week after the last class in the Greek section, at the latest. The retries for the Hebrew/Aramaic must be before completed before the last day of class.
Your input on the course is welcome. It may help to improve the course in a variety of ways. You can always make suggestions by email. Our goal is to make this material as easy to comprehend as possible. At the end of the semester, an ALERT on your student dashboard will notify you when the evaluation is available for completion. Because the survey is anonymous, in order to have the ascribed points allocated, post a notice on the Course Evaluation assignment webpage noting that you have completed the evaluation. It is worth 20 points toward your overall grade.
Grades will be straight A, B, C, D, or F. In distance learning we believe that mastery of the material is critical, so a personal goal of 80% of the objectives should be set. This course is based on competency, so it is possible for the entire class to receive an A or B. There will be no bell curve, that is there is no artificial curving of scores in the assignment of grades. Mastery of the material should be your goal.
|Summary of Course Requirements||Point Value||Letter Grade||Total Points|
|Icebreaker Assignment||20||A||900 points or above (90%)|
|Discussion Forums (10 @ 30 points)||300||B||800-899 points (80%)|
|Practice Writing Exercises (4 @ 25 points)||100||C||700-799 points (70%)|
|Writing Assignments (2 @ 50 points)||100||D||600-699 points (60%)|
|Quizzes (12 @ 30 points)||360||F||599 points or below|